Articles

Origins and Status of American Botanists

Science  31 May 1957:
Vol. 125, Issue 3257, pp. 1071-1075
DOI: 10.1126/science.125.3257.1071

Abstract

The biographical data on botanists in the ninth edition of American Men of Science, supplemented by limited information from other sources, show a trend toward reduced numbers in the younger age groups, except for a continued increase in physiologists and a stabilized supply of pathologists. The 2640 botanists with bachelor's degrees from American colleges represent 401 undergraduate institutions, but more than half of them are alumni of a group of 37 large universities supported by public funds and 14 privately endowed colleges. More than 86 percent of the botanists have taken doctorates from 92 graduate schools, but 12 of the largest ones, located chiefly in the state universities, have provided two-thirds of these degrees; more than three-fourths of the candidates came from other colleges for their advanced training. Their fields of employment are predominantly in education and in government service, but appreciable numbers are doing research work for industry or in nonindustrial laboratories.

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