Fluorescence of Photosynthetic Organisms at Room and Liquid Nitrogen Temperatures

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Science  10 Mar 1961:
Vol. 133, Issue 3454, pp. 705-706
DOI: 10.1126/science.133.3454.705


Fluorescence spectra of algae and higher plants show two bands, ascribable to monomer and aggregate forms of chlorophyll. At low temperature, the long wavelength emission is greatly enhanced and often appears as a new band. Photosynthetic bacteria, on the other hand, show no new bands at low temperature, within the spectral coverage and sensitivity of these measurements. A green fluorescence is also found in algae, which we attribute to carotenoids.