Quantitative Analysis of Evolution of the Brain in Mammals

Science  31 Mar 1961:
Vol. 133, Issue 3457, pp. 1012-1014
DOI: 10.1126/science.133.3457.1012


Empirical equations derived from brain size (E) and body size (P) of archaic-Eocene, Oligocene, and Recent mammals were all of the form, E = kP2/3; k = 0.03 for the Eocene, 0.06 for the Oligocene, and 0.12 for the Recent groups. It is suggested that k, which has been used as an index of cephalization in contemporary mammals, may be an appropriate measure of brain evolution in the mammals as a class.