Operant Behavior during Sleep

Science  12 May 1961:
Vol. 133, Issue 3463, pp. 1485-1486
DOI: 10.1126/science.133.3463.1485


Operant-conditioning techniques were employed to produce organized behavior during sleep as defined by the electroencephalographic record. Patterned responding was found in so-called "light" and "deeper" electroencephalograph stages as well as in the awake record. Results suggest that the use of the electroencephalographic record as a reliable indicator of the sleep-awakefulness continuum be re-examined.