Simple Method for Measuring Heart Vector of Isolated Animal Hearts

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Science  09 Jun 1961:
Vol. 133, Issue 3467, pp. 1831-1832
DOI: 10.1126/science.133.3467.1831


The spatial dipole moment of a perfused animal heart suspended at the center of a fluid-filled sphere can be found in magnitude and direction to a good approximation by three sets of bipolar measurements. The method has been applied in finding the vectorcardiograms of turtle and rabbit hearts.