Reports

Preception in the Rat: Autonomic Response to Shock as Function of Length of Warning Interval

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Science  31 Aug 1962:
Vol. 137, Issue 3531, pp. 665-666
DOI: 10.1126/science.137.3531.665

Abstract

The autonomic response (galvanic skin response) to a noxious stimulus (shock) is reduced when the stimulus is preceded by a warning signal. The greatest reduction, 53 percent, was obtained with a warning interval of 1 second. Warning also reduces variance of the response over trials, a decrease of over 90 percent for the optimum 1-second interval.