Azeotropic Freeze-Drying

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Science  12 Oct 1962:
Vol. 138, Issue 3537, pp. 138
DOI: 10.1126/science.138.3537.138


Spheres of comminuted frozen meat were freeze-dried by boiling in toluene under reduced pressure. The dehydration was performed at 30°C and apparently took place without melting the ice. The dried product rehydrated readily and showed all the characteristics of freezedried defatted meat.