Recent Recession of Tropical Cliffy Coasts

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Science  04 Jan 1963:
Vol. 139, Issue 3549, pp. 9-15
DOI: 10.1126/science.139.3549.9


My fieldwork in various parts of the world leads me to the conclusion that the retreat of cliffy coasts through abrasion and solutional erosion during Recent times has produced a whole complex of forms, including conspicuous benches well above sea level where bedrock conditions are favorable. In addition, flats of other origin are being developed at various levels. Broad exposures of beach rock are a marine phenomenon only in that such exposure is a result of beach recession and of the uncovering of materials that had been cemented, under freshwater conditions, along water tables, in some places 6 or more feet above sea level (24, 25). Contemporary coral and algal flats are forming in some instances several feet above the level of the highest tides.