A New Dense Form of Solid Germanium

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Science  25 Jan 1963:
Vol. 139, Issue 3552, pp. 340-341
DOI: 10.1126/science.139.3552.340


A new form of solid germanium, of greater density than ordinary cubic germanium, can be formed by compressing cubic germanium at pressures exceeding 120 kilobars and reducing the pressure back to that of the atmosphere. The crystal structure is tetragonal, with a equal to 5.93 angstroms and c, to 6.98; 12 atoms per unit cell; and theoretical density, 5.91 grams per cubic centimeter. Electrically it behaves like a semiconductor. At temperatures above 200°C it reverts rather rapidly to the cubic form.