Methodological Questions in the Study of One-Trial Learning

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Science  17 May 1963:
Vol. 140, Issue 3568, pp. 822-824
DOI: 10.1126/science.140.3568.822


The substitution method may lead to poorer learning than the customary repetition method when learned pairs are eliminated after each trial. This results from a procedure in which the subject is required to spell the response. Spelling leads to greater difficulty in learning the response item but repetition tends to counteract it.