Plankton: Optimum Diversity Structure of a Summer Community

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Science  24 May 1963:
Vol. 140, Issue 3569, pp. 894-898
DOI: 10.1126/science.140.3569.894


The summer plankton community of the York River, Virginia, expends energy to establish and maintain a definite vertical diversity structure in a comparatively unstructured environment. The resultant organization, which involves relationships between diversity, power and efficiency, and stability, is nearly optimal for maximizing profit on the original energy investment.