Sodium Chloride Deprivation: Development of Sodium Chloride as a Reinforcement

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Science  28 Jun 1963:
Vol. 140, Issue 3574, pp. 1403-1404
DOI: 10.1126/science.140.3574.1403


The effects of deprivation of dietary sodium chloride on operant behavior reinforced by water and sodium chloride were studied. Rats responded at high rates for sodium chloride reinforcements only after they had been fed an inadequate diet for 40 days. These effects were specific to the deprived element of the diet.