Language and Thinking: Positive and Negative Effects of Naming

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Science  05 Jul 1963:
Vol. 141, Issue 3575, pp. 48-50
DOI: 10.1126/science.141.3575.48


Subjects instructed to think of novel shapes in terms of relevant names made fewer errors in recalling a serial ordering of the shapes, but more errors in solving a mental jigsaw puzzle and in drawing the shapes from memory, than subjects instructed to visualize the shapes without using words.