Early Developmental Stress and Later Behavior

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Science  30 Aug 1963:
Vol. 141, Issue 3583, pp. 824-825
DOI: 10.1126/science.141.3583.824


The effects of behavioral stress on mice during pregnancy on the behavior of offspring are mimicked by epinephrine injection of mice during pregnancy; hydrocortisone and norepinephrine injection also produce behaviroal changes in the offspring. Similar results were obtained in chicks hatched from injected eggs.