Coesite and Shocked Quartz from Holleford Crater, Ontario, Canada

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Science  18 Oct 1963:
Vol. 142, Issue 3590, pp. 379-381
DOI: 10.1126/science.142.3590.379


The Holleford Crater, a circular depression in southern Ontario, is filled with Paleozoic sediments and underlain by brecciated Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rocks. The presence of coesite in two core samples of this breccia has been established by petrographic and x-ray diflraction methods. Shattered quartz in the coesite-bearing samples exhibits planar fractures. The shocked quartz is the result of great shock pressures and the association of coesite with the shocked quartz strongly suggests that Holleford Crater originated from a hypervelocity impact.