Simazine: Degradation by Soil Microorganisms

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Science  18 Oct 1963:
Vol. 142, Issue 3590, pp. 405-406
DOI: 10.1126/science.142.3590.405


A soil fungus, Aspergillus fumigatus Fres., is effective in the degradation of the herbicide 2-chloro-4,6-bis(ethylamino)-s-triazine (simazine). The degradation of both ring-and chain-labeled (C14) simazine was observed in an unamended and an amended (sucrose) basal medium. A loss of C14 occurred in all culture solutions containing either ring-or chain-labeled simazine, but the decrease in activity observed was greater with chain-labeled than with ring-labeled simazine. Chromatographic evidence indicates that A. fumigatus may possess a degradation mechanism unlike that which occurs in corn plants.