Articles

Learning to Read

Science  21 May 1965:
Vol. 148, Issue 3673, pp. 1066-1072
DOI: 10.1126/science.148.3673.1066

Abstract

Reading begins with the child's acquisition of spoken language. Later he learns to differentiate the graphic symbols from one another and to decode these to familiar speech sounds. As he learns the code, he must progressively utilize the structural constraints which are built into it in order to attain the skilled performance which is characterized by processing of higher-order units—the spelling and morphological patterns of the language.

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