Sands of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

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Science  17 Sep 1965:
Vol. 149, Issue 3690, pp. 1367-1370
DOI: 10.1126/science.149.3690.1367


Sands collected at 24 locations along the crest of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge between 57°S and 38°N consist predominantly of olivine, diopsidic augite, hypersthene, enstatite, amphibole, quartz, plagioclase, and volcanic glass, suggesting an olivine tholeiitic source. Eight cores contain relatively pure mineral sands; three of these cores reflect local volcanic activity. In 16 cores the manganese-coated mineral grains are mixed in a current-winnowed foraminiferal sand or ooze.