Ice-Rafted Detritus as a Climatic Indicator in Antarctic Deep-Sea Cores

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Science  31 Dec 1965:
Vol. 150, Issue 3705, pp. 1822-1824
DOI: 10.1126/science.150.3705.1822


Ice-rafted detritus is readily identified in sediment cores raised from the deep ocean floor around Antarctica. A few cores have reached a depth below which no ice-rafted material is found. This depth is interpreted as indicating the establishment of earliest Pleistocene glaciation in the Southern Hemisphere. It is just below a depth where there is a change in assemblages of Radiolaria which Hays associates with the Pliocene-Pleistocene boundary. The presence of ice-rafted material throughout the upper zone in cores taken south of the Polar Front indicates continuity of glaciation in Antarctica. Further north, near 45°S in the Argentine Basin, zonation of the ice-rafted detritus can be used to delineate glacial stages of the Pleistocene.