Butler, Missouri: An Iron Meteorite with Extremely High Germanium Content

Science  26 Aug 1966:
Vol. 153, Issue 3739, pp. 976-978
DOI: 10.1126/science.153.3739.976


The Butler iron meteorite has been found to have a germanium concentration of 2000 parts per million, which is about five times higher than the highest concentration that has been measured previously in an iron meteorite. The gallium concentration is 87 parts per million, which is among the highest concentrations found in these objects. The nickel content is 16.0 percent, the second highest nickel concentration known in a meteorite displaying a Widman stätten pattern. The high Ge/Ni ratio, as well as the association of a high nickel content with high gallium and germanium contents, make this object an exception to two geochemical generalizations regarding the iron meteorites.