Air-Sea Waves from the Explosion of Krakatoa

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Science  09 Dec 1966:
Vol. 154, Issue 3754, pp. 1325-1327
DOI: 10.1126/science.154.3754.1325


The distant sea disturbances which followed the explosion of Krakatoa are correlated with recently discovered atmospheric acoustic and gravity modes having the same phase velocity as long waves on the ocean. The atmospheric waves jumped over the land barriers and reexcited the sea waves with amplitudes exceeding the hydrostatic values. An explosion of 100 to 150 megatons would be required to duplicate the Krakatoa atmosphericpressure pulse.