Chemical Exfoliation of Vermiculite and the Production of Colloidal Dispersions

Science  21 Apr 1967:
Vol. 156, Issue 3773, pp. 385-387
DOI: 10.1126/science.156.3773.385


Chemical treatments involving ion exchange cause gross onedimensional swelling in water of single crystals of vermiculite minerals. A delicate balance of forces holds the individual silicate layers (10 angstroms thick) parallel to one another although separated by several hundred angstroms. Colloidal dispersions produced from the swollen crystals are morphologically unique and show strong filmforming characteristics.