Mössbauer Analysis of Iron in Clay Minerals

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Science  28 Apr 1967:
Vol. 156, Issue 3774, pp. 504-508
DOI: 10.1126/science.156.3774.504


Mössbauer absorption spectrography can be used to establish the presence of Fe2+ and Fe3+ in clay minerals. In the sheet structure silicates, octahedrally coordinated iron can be distinguished from tetrahedrally coordinated iron. Siderite and goethite, common contaminants of the clay minerals, can usually be detected. Goethite has a well-organized structure, though, owing to its fine grain size, it may appear to be amorphous to x-rays. The various families of clay minerals show minor differences in isomer shift and quadrupole splitting values, caused by variations in the character of the octahedral layer.