Hemoglobin Portland 1: A New Human Hemoglobin Unique in Structure

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  07 Jul 1967:
Vol. 157, Issue 3784, pp. 65-66
DOI: 10.1126/science.157.3784.65


A new hemoglobin (Hb), Portland 1, has been found in a newborn infant having multiple congenital anomalies and complex autosomal chromosomal mosaicism. The new hemoglobin has a unique tetrameric structure (molecular weight, 66,000) composed of two pairs of different types of chains, neither of which is α, γ2x2. The x-chain of Hb Portland 1 may be a new type of hemoglobin chain, but the available evidence suggests that it may be identical with the ε chain. We suggest that Hb Portland 1 is an embryonic hemoglobin that persisted until after birth in relatively large amounts in this patient.