Cytoplasmic and Chloroplast Ribosomes of Chlamydomonas: Ultracentrifugal Characterization

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Science  11 Aug 1967:
Vol. 157, Issue 3789, pp. 709-711
DOI: 10.1126/science.157.3789.709


Ribosomes isolated from the cytoplasmic and chloroplast fractions of Chlamydomonas were characterized in the ultracentrifuge. The cytoplasmic ribosomes belong to the 80S class of ribosomes, and, like animal ribosomes, dissociate to 60, 50, and 40S subunits. However, like the ribosomes of microorganisms, they contain smaller RNA's, 24 and 16S, and require 0.01 mole of magnesium ions per liter for stability. Chloroplast ribosomes are 70S like those of higher plants but are very unstable. A stable 50S subunit has been observed.