Sulfhydryl Groups and Estradiol-Receptor Interaction

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Science  20 Oct 1967:
Vol. 158, Issue 3799, pp. 385-387
DOI: 10.1126/science.158.3799.385


The characteristic ability of rat uteri to take up tritiated estradiol in vitro or to retain estradiol previously incorporated either in vivo or in vitro is destroyed by treating the tissue with various sulfhydryl-blocking reagents. The two radioactive estradiol-receptor complexes, observed in uterine homogenates in the supernatant fraction and in an extract of the nuclear fraction, respectively, are disrupted by brief exposure to organic mercurials in the cold. Sulfhydryl groups of uterine receptor substances apparently play a vital role in estradiol binding, perhaps indirectly through contribution to receptor conformation.