Sulfide Solubilities in Alteration-Controlled Systems

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Science  22 Dec 1967:
Vol. 158, Issue 3808, pp. 1580-1582
DOI: 10.1126/science.158.3808.1580


Solubilities of sphalerite (ZnS) and galena (PbS) were determined at 300° to 500°C and 1000 bars total pressure in a chemical environment buffered by silicate mineral equilibria. Chloride solutions and muscovite-bearing assemblages characteristic of hydrothermal wall-rock alteration were used; weak acidities at temperature were therefore involved. The metal concentrations encountered tended to be higher than those observed in high bisulfide-H2S systems at neutral to weakly basic pH used in most previous experimentation; the chemical conditions of the work, although not completely satisfactory, are geologically more realistic than previous experimentation done in the basic-pH region.