Mariner V Flight Past Venus

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Science  29 Dec 1967:
Vol. 158, Issue 3809, pp. 1665-1669
DOI: 10.1126/science.158.3809.1665


On 19 October 1967 the Mariner V spacecraft passed by Venus 10,151 kilometers from the center of the planet; the gravitational field, atmosphere, ionosphere, hydrogen corona, and interaction with the solar wind were observed.