Utah Jet: A Vitrinite with Aberrant Properties

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Science  19 Jan 1968:
Vol. 159, Issue 3812, pp. 302-305
DOI: 10.1126/science.159.3812.302


The gem-grade jet found in Upper Cretaceous rocks of the Jet Basin, Wayne County, Utah, has been shown to be a vitrinitic, high-volatile B bituminous coal with aberrant chemical constitution. The residual structure is entirely that of taxodiaceous conifer wood. The abnormally high volatile content (62 percent) and low reflectance (0.25 percent) of Utah jet compared with other vitrinites of similar rank is produced by the unusual derivatives of cellulose and lignin of which the woody structure is composed.