Artificial Membranes: A New Type of Cell for Measuring Diffusional Resistance

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Science  12 Apr 1968:
Vol. 160, Issue 3824, pp. 201-202
DOI: 10.1126/science.160.3824.201


A novel technique allows determination of membrane diffusivities and eliminates the complications of the fluid resistance to mass transfer on either side of the membrane. Results on the permeability of a dialysis membrane of the type used in artificial kidneys agree with previous data and are obtained in much shorter time. The measured activation energy for diffusion demonstrates that the transport of salt through the membrane occurs by the same mechanism as the diffusion of salt in water, but that only 10 percent of the membrane surface is effective.