Reports

Charge-Mosaic Membranes: Enhanced Permeability and Negative Osmosis with a Symmetrical Salt

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Science  05 Jul 1968:
Vol. 161, Issue 3836, pp. 70-72
DOI: 10.1126/science.161.3836.70

Abstract

Charge-mosaic membranes are prepared by embedding a single layer of alternating cation and anion exchange beads in silicone resin. Membranes made in an identical manner but containing only one type of exchanger serve as controls. The mosaic membranes are 50 to 100 times more permeable to potassium chloride than the controls; and furthermore they give rise to net volume flow from concentrated to dilute solutions of potassium chloride in the absence of a pressure gradient ("negative osmosis"), whereas the controls exhibit normal osmotic behavior. The negative reflection coefficients of the mosaics suggest potential applications in desalination.