Reports

Oxidation of Ferrous Iron in Vermiculite and Biotite Alters Fixation and Replaceability of Potassium

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Science  20 Dec 1968:
Vol. 162, Issue 3860, pp. 1401-1402
DOI: 10.1126/science.162.3860.1401

Abstract

Oxidation of octahedral ferrous to ferric iron in soil vermiculite clays and biotites increases the potassium-fixation capacity of vermiculites and increases the difficulty of replacing interlayer potassium in biotites. This unexpected effect is believed to be related to an increase in the attractive forces between potassium ions and oxygen ions of the surface layers which is brought about by a tilting of the dipole of the octahedral hydroxyl ions from a perpendicular position to an inclined position with respect to the cleavage plane.