Reports

Pan-Cultural Elements in Facial Displays of Emotion

Science  04 Apr 1969:
Vol. 164, Issue 3875, pp. 86-88
DOI: 10.1126/science.164.3875.86

Abstract

Observers in both literate and preliterate cultures chose the predicted emotion for photographs of the face, although agreement was higher in the literate samples. These findings suggest that the pan-cultural element in facial displays of emotion is the association between facial muscular movements and discrete primary emotions, although cultures may still differ in what evokes an emotion, in rules for controlling the display of emotion, and in behavioral consequences.

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