Intracranial Self-Stimulation and the Rapid Decline of Frustrative Nonreward

Science  23 May 1969:
Vol. 164, Issue 3882, pp. 971-972
DOI: 10.1126/science.164.3882.971


Animals deprived of reward for a task previously rewarded behave differently, depending on whether the reward is food or positive brain stimulation. Unlike the relatively stable frustration effects obtained with conventional reward, frustration produced by withholding brain stimulation dissipates rapidly with time.