ArticlesAbundance of Major Elements

Concentration and Isotopic Composition of Carbon and Sulfur in Apollo 11 Lunar Samples

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Science  30 Jan 1970:
Vol. 167, Issue 3918, pp. 541-543
DOI: 10.1126/science.167.3918.541


The concentration of carbon and sulfur in six samples ranged between 20 to 200 and 650 to 2300 parts per million, respectively. Carbon was present in gaseous, volatilizable, and nonvolatile forms, and terrestrial contaminants were recognized. Sulfur appeared to exist only as acid-volatile sulfide. The bulk fines contain a high concentration of carbon and a low concentration of sulfur. They are always enriched in the heavier isotope carbon-13 or sulfur-34. The fine-grained basaltic rocks show the reverse relation; lowest carbon, highest sulfide concentrations, and no apparent enrichment in heavy isotopes. The breccias are of intermediate composition.