ArticlesSpecial Mineral Studies

Shock Metamorphism in Lunar Samples

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Science  30 Jan 1970:
Vol. 167, Issue 3918, pp. 669-670
DOI: 10.1126/science.167.3918.669


Indications of shock metamorphism produced by pressures up to the megabar region have been observed in the fine material and the breccias, but very rarely in the coarser fragments of crystalline rocks. These indications are deformation structures in plagioclase and pyroxene, diaplectic plagioclase glasses, and glasses formed by shock-induced melting of lunar rocks. Two sources of shock waves have been distinguished: primary impact of meteorites and secondary impact of crater ejecta. There are two major chemical types of shock-induced melts. The differences in chemistry may be related to impact sites in mare and highland areas.