ArticlesSpecial Mineral Studies

Shock-Wave Damage in Minerals of Lunar Rocks

Science  30 Jan 1970:
Vol. 167, Issue 3918, pp. 675-677
DOI: 10.1126/science.167.3918.675

Abstract

The mineral fragments that constitute the Apollo 11 microbreccia and fines show a number of shock-induced microstructural effects including multiple twinning on (001) in clinopyroxene and incipient development of lattice-controlled discontinuities in olivine. These structures coupled with the effects of shock-induced melting as manifested by spherules and angular fragments of glass and their partly to completely crystallized equivalents indicate that Apollo 11 materials were subjected to weak to moderate shocks with associated peak pressures of the order of 100 to 200 kilobars.

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