ArticlesOther Physical Properties

Specific Heats of Lunar Surface Materials from 90 to 350 Degrees Kelvin

Science  30 Jan 1970:
Vol. 167, Issue 3918, pp. 749-750
DOI: 10.1126/science.167.3918.749


The specific heats of lunar samples 10057 and 10084 returned by the Apollo 11 mission have been measured between 90 and 350 degrees Kelvin by use of an adiabatic calorimeter. The samples are representative of type A vesicular basalt-like rocks and of finely divided lunar soil. The specific heat of these materials changes smoothly from about 0.06 calorie per gram per degree at 90 degrees Kelvin to about 0.2 calorie per gram per degree at 350 degrees Kelvin. The thermal parameter γ=(kpC-½ for the lunar surface will accordingly vary by a factor of about 2 between lunar noon and midnight.