ArticlesOrganic Chemistry

Bio-organic Compounds and Glassy Microparticles in Lunar Fines and Other Materials

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Science  30 Jan 1970:
Vol. 167, Issue 3918, pp. 767-770
DOI: 10.1126/science.167.3918.767

Abstract

Acid hydrolyzates of aqueous extracts indicated: glycine, alanine, glutamic acid, serine, aspartic acid, threonine, and I-diaminopropionic acid. The sources of these amino acids may be terrestrial contaminants, fuel exhaust products, or indigenous lunar material. The lunar particles found in the sample include: (i) spherules, rotational ellipsoids, dumbbells, tear-drops, rings, and crescents which have (ii) diameters of 0.1 to 500 microns; (iii) budlike features on the particles; and (iv) chemical inhomogeneity (electron probe). Some of the processes and results inferred for the moon have been simulated by the electron beam and low pressure of the electron microscope. Basalt (Kilauea-lki) and chondrite (Orgueil) have been found to behave similarly.