Endotoxin: Stimulation of Bone Resorption in Tissue Culture

Science  15 May 1970:
Vol. 168, Issue 3933, pp. 862-864
DOI: 10.1126/science.168.3933.862


Bacterial endotoxins can stimulate the release of previously incorporated calcium-45 and tritiated proline from fetal rat bone in tissue culture. Endotoxin from Bacteroides melaninogenicus, an organism regularly found in the gingival crevice of man, produces a response similar to parathyroid hormone and is effective at doses as low as 0.1 microgram per milliliter. This response is inhibited by serum and dependent upon the presence of albumin. Endotoxins may play a role in the bone loss characteristic of human periodontal disease.

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