Reports

Shear Dependence of Effective Cell Volume as a Determinant of Blood Viscosity

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Science  22 May 1970:
Vol. 168, Issue 3934, pp. 977-979
DOI: 10.1126/science.168.3934.977

Abstract

The viscosity of suspensions of human erythrocytes (normal cells in plasma, normal cells in Ringer's solution containing albumin, and hardened cells in Ringer's solution containing albumin) was measured over a wide range of shear rates, and the macrorheological data were correlated with the microrheological behavior of erythrocytes and rigid particles. The formation of rouleaux increases the effective volume of erythrocytes as a result of (i) the increase in axial ratio and (ii) the limitation of deformation of individual erythrocytes. The effective cell volume is the fundamental determinant of blood viscosity.

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