Partial Reversion in Yeast: Genetic Evidence for a New Type of Bifunctional Protein

Science  19 Jun 1970:
Vol. 168, Issue 3938, pp. 1482-1484
DOI: 10.1126/science.168.3938.1482


Two kinds of phenotypic expression in purine biosynthesis result from recessive mutation to adel2 in baker's yeast. The mutants are adenine-specific, blocked in the conversion of inosine 5'-phosphate to adenylosuccinic acid; their response to inhibition of pathway activity by adenine is considerably reduced. Allelic partial reversions can restore prototrophy without correcting the regulatory defect imparted by the primary mutation. The separation of the two properties of the locus by allelic mutation supports the hypothesis that the locus specifies a protein of two independent functions, enzymatic and regulatory.