Reinforcement of Competing Behavior during Extinction

Science  17 Jul 1970:
Vol. 169, Issue 3942, pp. 301-303
DOI: 10.1126/science.169.3942.301


Conditioned behavior declines in frequency when reinforcement is discontinued. In two experiments this extinction process was facilitated when competing behavior was reinforced as the original response was extinguished. When reinforcement for competing behavior was withdrawn, however, rats resumed their original behavior and there were no overall savings in total responses to extinction.