Articles

Administering and Managing the U.S. and Soviet Space Programs

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Science  11 Sep 1970:
Vol. 169, Issue 3950, pp. 1049-1056
DOI: 10.1126/science.169.3950.1049

Abstract

This raises a fundamental question about the management, in its largest sense, of the U.S. space program and the other activities undertaken in response to the Sputnik experience. Has the whole operation represented but another highly successful one-shot exercise in crisis management, or has it represented incorporation into American society of a new way to organize, systematically and purposefully, the development and use of scientific and technological resources to the furtherance of national goals? It is too early to discern the answer to this question. But how it is answered will heavily weight any final appraisal of the comparative results of the U.S. and Soviet space programs.