Articles

Psychological and Social Barriers to Women in Science

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Science  23 Oct 1970:
Vol. 170, Issue 3956, pp. 413-416
DOI: 10.1126/science.170.3956.413

Abstract

Commitment and creativity in science are not merely a function of an individual's competence or excellence, but are a product of the social environment as well. Acceptance and recognition from significant other people (one's peers and other professionals), and opportunities for stimulating and challenging interaction are essential for developing a strong occupational or professional identiy, and for creating the inner sense of role competence which can lead to greater commitment and productivity in professional work. Unfortunately women, especially those who have experienced interrupted or discontinuous careers, find such opportunities and acceptance difficult to obtain.

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