"Polywater": Evidence from Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA) of a Complex Salt Mixture

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Science  15 Jan 1971:
Vol. 171, Issue 3967, pp. 167-170
DOI: 10.1126/science.171.3967.167


The ESCA spectra of "polywater" show that this anomalous, high-density, viscous, nonvolatile material contains high concentrations of sodium, potassium, sulfate, chloride, nitrate, borates, silicates, and carbon-oxygen compounds with trace amounts of other impurities but very little water. On the basis of this evidence, in conjunction with reported spectroscopic and analytical experiments, it is very unlikely that a polymerized form of water has been discovered.