Supraoptic Neurosecretory Cells: Adrenergic and Cholinergic Sensitivity

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Science  15 Jan 1971:
Vol. 171, Issue 3967, pp. 208-210
DOI: 10.1126/science.171.3967.208


Adrenergic and cholinergic agonists and antagonists were applied microelectrophoretically to over 700 neurons in the cat supraoptic nucleus, 20 percent of which were antidromically identified as neurosecretory cells. Norepinephrine uniformly depressed all sensitive cells. Acetylcholine caused both muscarinic depression and nicotinic excitation which were antagonized by atropine and dihydro-β-erythroidine, respectively. These results support the hypothesis that norepinephrine and acetylcholine are directly involved in controlling the release of antidiuretic hormone.