An Early Center of Bovine Husbandry in Southeast Asia

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Science  02 Apr 1971:
Vol. 172, Issue 3978, pp. 54-56
DOI: 10.1126/science.172.3978.54


Non Nok Tha is a prehistoric site in northeast Thailand. The radiocarbon dates suggest that it was first occupied by at least 3500 B.C., and possibly as early as 5000 B.C. The deepest levels contain unexpectedly early evidence for rice cultivation and bronze casting. Multivariate and cultural analyses of the bovine bones suggest that the first inhabitants raised domesticated cattle. This is among the earliest evidence for bovine domestication known.