Whole Body Response of the Moon to Electromagnetic Induction by the Solar Wind

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Science  16 Apr 1971:
Vol. 172, Issue 3980, pp. 256-258
DOI: 10.1126/science.172.3980.256


A comparison has been made of the interplanetary magnetic field as measured both by Apollo 12 on the lunar surface and by Explorer 35 in orbit around the moon. Two examples are given, one of a step change in the field vector and another of a sinusoidally varying field. A large response measured on the surface is attributed to confinement of the induced field lines between the streaming solar plasma and the high-conductivity interior. A steep bulk electrical conductivity gradient in the lunar crust is implied, with a confining layer roughly 100 kilometers deep.