Antiviral Activity of Polyribocytidylic Acid in Cells Primed with Polyriboinosinic Acid

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Science  16 Jul 1971:
Vol. 173, Issue 3993, pp. 260-262
DOI: 10.1126/science.173.3993.260


Separate administration of polyribocytidylic acid [poly(rC)] and polyriboinosinic acid [poly(rI)] to cell cultures in vitro resulted in an antiviral activity identical to or greater than that resulting from addition of the poly(rI) • poly(rC) complex. Priming of cells with poly(rI), followed by treatment with poly(rC), gave a consistently greater antiviral activity than poly(rI) • poly(rC) itself. This priming effect was obtained in several cell cultures challenged with different viruses. In vivo, the antiviral activity of poly(rI) • poly(rC) was only partially restored if poly(rI) and poly(rC) were injected separately; prior injection of poly(rI) proved superior in restoring this antiviral activity as compared to prior injection of poly(rC).